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Markus Loewe
German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS)
Markus Loewe is research team leader at the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), Bonn, where he has been working since 1999. He studied economics, political science and Arabic in Tübingen, Erlangen and Damascus and got his PhD from the University of Heidelberg for a thesis on micro-insurance schemes. His main areas of interest are social protection, poverty reduction / MDGs and investment promotion in developing countries. In addition, he has also published on demographic development, pro-poor growth, anti-corruption policies, economic governance, private sector development and the impact of the recent global financial and economic crisis. His most recent publications include The entrepreneur makes a difference: Evidence on MSE upgrading factors from Egypt, India and the Philippines (in: World Development 66, 2015, with Aimée Hampel-Milagrosa and Caroline Reeg); Pension Schemes and Pension Reforms in the Middle East and North Africa (in: Katja Hujo / UNRISD, eds., Reforming Pensions in Developing and Transition Countries, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014); and Caring for the urban middle class: the political economy of social protection in Arab countries (in: Katja Bender, Markus Kaltenborn and Christian Pfleiderer, eds., Social protection in developing countries: Reforming systems, London: Routledge).
Geographic Areas of Interest
All Middle East
German (native)
English (fluent)
French (fluent)
Arabic (intermediate)
Spanish (elementary)
PhD | 2005 | Competitiveness and social development | German development Institute
How relevant is the regulatory environment for micro and small enterprises? Evidence from Egypt, India and the Philippines and lessons for the World Bank’s Doing Business agenda The social contract as a tool of analysis for MENA countries New social contracts in MENA countries? Evidence from social policy reforms in Egypt, Morocco and Iran The Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on the Social Contracts in Tunisia, Egypt, and Lebanon Drivers of Change in Social Contracts in the MENA Region